Familiarity with the fortress of Famagusta is advisable to start from the history of the city itself - then it will be clear why the fortress appeared in it at all. So, for more than a thousand years, Famagusta, which was a small fishing village, quietly lived its life and did not know any serious troubles. At the end of the 12th century, peace came to an end. Cyprus was captured by the crusaders of Richard the Lionheart, then the island passed into the power of the Templar Order, even later-to King Lusignan. It was he who liked the town of Famagusta, in which it was decided to establish a fort.
The construction of the fort was carried out along the entire perimeter of the ancient city. Sparing no expense in materials and labor, the king built a double wall around the city. Stones in the form of blocks were mainly used for construction. In some places, the landscape made it possible to make "superstructures" on natural rocks, thereby somewhat simplifying the construction of massive walls. by the way, their height reached 15 meters, thickness-5-6, and in some places even 10 meters.
The need to defend the city was caused by the frequent raids of foreigners. Thick walls were built for the reason that the guns of the attackers were improved every time. Famagusta Fort adequately withstood the blows of huge boulders and metal cores.
A moat was dug along the perimeter from the outside of the fortress, which was filled with sea water. The moat served as an additional barrier for opponents and, in fact, turned the fortress into a separate island. Inside the walls of the fortress itself was a long corridor, along which sentries walked and listened all the time. It was a way to determine if the enemy was planning to dig in.