Those who are not indifferent to historical, archaeological attractionsyou should definitely visit the ruins of the city of Salamis near Famagusta. The tour will make an indelible impression on you, making you go back several thousand years and marvel at the skill of ancient sculptors and architects.
The founder of the city is considered to be the archer Teucer, a hero of the Trojan War and the son of Telamon. the site of the city's founding was not chosen by chance: the harbor located in this area could accommodate an entire fleet.
Teucer's homeland was the island of salamis, but after returning from the war, the hero was expelled from there by his father, because he could not protect his brother ajax. teucer sailed to cyprus and decided to build a city, which he later named after his homeland salamis. In those days the town was a thriving sea port, through which the active trade was conducted with Egypt, Cilicia and Phoenicia. The inhabitants of the city were brave warriors. throughout its history the city of Salamis it was often subjected to serious tests in the form of destructive wars and earthquakes.
Some of the largest earthquakes occurred in 332 and 342 BC. As a result, many buildings were destroyed, and part of the city completely went under water. A few years later, during the reign of Emperor Constantine, Salamis was rebuilt again, and the capital was moved here from Paphos (because Paphos was even more affected by earthquakes). along with the new appearance, the city acquired a new name – constance. In 45 AD, the apostles Paul and Barnabas were active in preaching here, and the Christian faith spread from Constantia to the entire island.
However, the second flourishing ended sadly: in 647, the city was subjected to a brutal attack, was looted and destroyed. The inhabitants left their homes, and from that time Salamis officially ceased to exist.
Currently, archaeologists have discovered more than 5 square kilometers of the ancient city, but this is only a small part of the ancient mysteries that keep the land near Famagusta.